American actor Gregory Peck (1916 – 2003) stars as the notorious Jimmy Ringo in ‘The Gunfighter’, directed by Henry King for 20th Century Fox, 1950. (Photo by Silver Screen Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
  • Golden Globe Awards

Oral History: Gregory Peck and the Million Dollar Mustache

For over 40 years the HFPA has recorded famous and celebrated actresses, actors and filmmakers. The world’s largest collection of its kind – over 10,000  items- is now in the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts & Sciences Margaret Herrick Library.In this excerpt from our archives, multiple Golden Globe winner (and Cecil B. deMille recipient) Gregory Peck recalls his collaboration with prolific director Henry King – and one very particular characterization challenge.“I made six pictures with (director Henry King) and almost all (were) critical and box office successes. The first was 12 O’Clock High, for which I won the New York Critics Award. Then Henry and I were assigned The Gunfighter. We had done a lot of research, looked into books of the period, and noticed that men of the frontier didn’t wear Hollywood cowboy costumes. They were hand-me-downs brought out from Boston or Baltimore -swallowtail coats, Derby hats, ill-fitting garments. They didn’t look like cowboys at all, and they usually wore mustaches, very often beards. Arthur Miller, the cameraman, Henry and I, we all loved this look. So for the sake of authenticity, I grew a handlebar mustache. I  wore these funny looking clothes and a black hat.  We were delighted with the authenticity we saw on the screen.When told it was authentic, (20th Century Fox president Spyros Skouras) answered, ‘Authentic? Hell! This young man is a sex symbol, and you’re going to ruin him. Women don’t like men with mustaches.’ ‘How much will it cost to reshoot?’ he wanted to know. Henry and I got the production manager to inflate the cost. Skouras decided it was too much.

It remains one of my favorite films.  But I never saw Skouras that he didn’t say,  ‘That goddamn mustache cost us a million dollars at the box office!’”